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It’s time to be aware of the sun’s good — and bad — qualities.Prevent sunburns and skin cancer with regular applications of sunscreen.
A moderate amount of time spent in the sun – 10 to 15 minutes a day – is enough to balance your Vitamin D levels, but don’t let your sun exposure get out of hand, and keep the sunscreen in hand.
Remembering to wear sunscreen is only part of the equation that will help lower your risk of developing a form of skin cancer, such as melanoma. When out and about on a steaming hot day, be sure to avoid getting severely sunburnt. Sunburns can significantly increase your chance of skin cancer — particularly among children or people with pale or sensitive skin.
In order to prevent sunburn, wear sunscreen, proper clothes, hats, and sunglasses, and always aim for the shade during the sun’s peak hours between 10am and 4pm. The sun’s damaging effects can also be compounded by reflective surfaces like sand, water, snow, and even windows — so be careful to avoid these things. The Food and Drug Administration also suggests using broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) value of 15 or more.
To avoid heat exhaustion and overexposure to the sun, follow these steps to stay cool and safe this summer:
1. Stay hydrated.
2. Wear lightweight clothing – to keep your body temperature down and
stay protected from UV radiation, wear lightweight, light-colored, and loose-fitting clothing.
3. Apply sunscreen – approximately 30 minutes before heading outside,
apply SPF 15 or higher sunscreen, and reapply every two hours.
4. Protect your eyes and face – wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses to
protect your eyes from sun damage and the development of cataracts.
5. Seek shade – find shade during the sun’s peak hours between 10 a.m.
and 4 p.m. to reduce the risk of too much sun exposure.
6. Teach sun and heat safety – keep an eye on others, particularly the
Elderly. Remind them to be safe in the sun and the heat. Watch for signs of heat illnesses, which can include hot and dry skin, confusion, hallucinations, and aggression.
7. Check the UV Index – when planning outdoor activities check the UV
Index to identify the times that pose the greatest risk for overexposure to the sun.
8. Check the Air Quality Index – on hot summer days, ozone levels can rise
making the air unhealthy to breathe so be sure to check the air quality index before heading outside.
You don’t have to avoid the sun completely. It would be unwise to stay inside if it kept you from being active, because physical activity is important for good health. Find a balance with your daily sun exposure in order to enjoy the benefits without the burns.